NASA InSight Mars Lander Will Study Earthquakes On Mars

NASA InSight Mars Lander Will Study Earthquakes On Mars

NASA InSight Mars Lander Will Study Earthquakes On Mars

Regardless of fog, officials have given the all-clear for NASA's first interplanetary launch on the west coast.

"During the original 2016 launch window, it was a very busy time in the schedule for ULA", Scott Messer, the ULA program manager for NASA missions, told UPI. "In order to piece together the whole picture about how the terrestrial planets formed, we need to understand this basic part of Mars and its history".

The lander's instruments will allow scientists "to stare down deep into the planet", said the mission's chief scientist, Bruce Banerdt of NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.

The $1 billion U.S. In all, 50 percent of missions to Mars fail. By measuring changes in Mars' core temperature and movements below the surface, we can work out how active the planet is.

The InSight Mars lander is expected to reach the Red Planet on November 26, after a 301-million-mile (485 million kilometers) journey that will take 205 days to complete. Thus, scientists will be looking backward in time when they study Mars' frozen innards.

WALL-E and EVE are headed to Mars.

The success rate, counting orbiters and landers by NASA and others, is only about 40 per cent.

InSight will use the same type of straightforward parachute deployment and engine firings during descent as Phoenix lander did in 2008.

But the primary objective of the MarCO mission, says Klesh, is to prove that mini-spacecraft technology is up to the challenge of interplanetary travel. If the experiment succeeds, it should take just several minutes for flight controllers to hear from the cubes.

JPL will manage the InSight Project for NASA's Science Mission Directorate in Washington, D.C.

A slender cylindrical probe dubbed the mole is created to tunnel almost 16 feet (5 metres) into the Martian soil. The device is so sensitive that its measurements are affected by the wind, so the lander is also equipped with a weather station to let scientists remove that influence from their data.

InSight's launch period is from May 5 to June 8, 2018, with multiple launch opportunities across windows of approximately two hours every day.

InSight stands for Interior Exploration Seismic Investigation Geodesy Heat Transport.

NASA's InSight probe will commemorate a handful of firsts.

But even without plates, Mars on occasion rumbles-with marsquakes-another geologic phenomenon that InSight investigators want to study. The moon still holds seismometers left behind by the 12 moonmen.

Another key mystery the surface of Mars hides is the planet's interior structure-how thick its core, mantle and crust are. The Martian atmosphere and magnetic field also have been examined in detail over the decades.

The landing site, Elysium Planitia, is a flat equatorial region with few big rocks that could damage the spacecraft on touchdown or block the mechanical mole's drilling. If a meteor impacts Mars during the mission's two year primary mission, SEIS could detect it as it rings the planet like a bell.

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