Health Alert: antibiotic-resistant STD gonorrhea on the rise

Health Alert: antibiotic-resistant STD gonorrhea on the rise

Health Alert: antibiotic-resistant STD gonorrhea on the rise

A new World Health Organization report that analyzed data from 77 countries found that gonorrhea has developed varying degrees of resistance to the antibiotics used to treat it.

In the past, gonorrhoea infections were treated effectively with a one-off dose of antibiotics.

"In the U.S., resistance [to an antibiotic] came from men having sex with men because of pharyngeal infection".

Gonorrhoea can lead to ectopic pregnancy and infertility, and increase the chances of a patient contracting HIV, but in many cases it has no symptoms. It also often spreads silently.

It is the second most common form of STI in England.

Caused by the bacterium called Neisseria gonorrhea, the STD is known to infect the genitals and rectum, but it can also infect the throat - which is used to a barrage of antibiotics for common colds and flu. While many infected people won't experience any symptoms, some will experience a nasty discharge, pain in the lower abdomen, and a burning sensation when they pee.

Treatment involves an antibiotic injection and a single dose of antibiotic tablets.

Kularatne said in South Africa about 20% of female patients with venereal diseases are diagnosed with gonorrhoea.

Where did the study come from?

Trends in the drug-resistant gonorrhea have been monitored by the WHO Global Gonococcal Antimicrobial Surveillance Programme (WHO GASP) and an extensive resistance to antibiotic ciprofloxacin was detected from its data collected from 2009 to 2014.

What is the new evidence?

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Image Neisseria gonorrhoeae diplococcal bacteria
Oral sex producing unstoppable bacteria

World Health Organization reports widespread resistance to older and cheaper antibiotics. But it is also one of the most hard to treat.

GARDP is a not-for-profit research organisation that sets up programmes around the world that aim to develop short- and long-term treatments for STIs, among other things.

Earlier this year, gonorrhea was named among 11 types of bacteria that health experts believe pose the greatest threats to human health because they are in urgent need of new antibiotics.

Currently, there is no alternative treatment for gonorrhea infection.

Only three candidate drugs to treat gonorrhoea are said to be undergoing development and trials.

In men, gonorrhea can cause a painful condition in the tubes attached to the testicles.

"We are now at a point where we are using the drugs of last resort, but there are worrying signs as treatment failure due to resistant strains has been documented". While combinations of cefixime and azithromycin are still in use in the country, experts fear irrational use can lead to resistance.

"Gonorrhoea is a very smart bug, every time you introduce a new class of antibiotics to treat gonorrhoea, the bug becomes resistant", Wi said.

The discovery and development of new antibiotics.

Subsequent analysis confirmed the effect, and suggested the meningitis vaccine was about 31% effective against gonorrhea, Helen Petousis-Harris, PhD, of the University of Auckland reported at the 2016 STI prevention conference in Atlanta.

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