Afghanistan to get $15.2bn in aid but has to tackle corruption

The United States invaded Afghanistan after the Taliban refused to expel Al-Qaeda's leadership from the country following the 9/11 attacks.

Representatives from various state pose for a photo during the Brussels conference on Afghanistan.

The Afghan president and the adviser also discussed efforts for peace and reconciliation in Afghanistan.

The Brussels conference is expected to pledge more than $3 billion a year in development aid to the Afghan government through 2020 and Kerry said this was a sign that the world will stand by the Kabul government in its battle with insurgents.

The Brussels Conference is being held as a sequel to the Tokyo Conference that took place in 2012 for affirming worldwide community s engagement with Afghanistan through economic and financial assistance for Afghanistan.

European Union foreign policy chief Federica Mogherini said on Wednesday that the European Union "will pledge 1.2 billion euros (1.3 billion dollars) and we would expect a similar level engagement from our partners".

"Yesterday night we found common ground to support this process with a regional perspective and the European Union will try to facilitate this", Mogherini said.

Years of insecurity and conflict since the USA invasion of Afghanistan in 2001 have left the country in tatters.

Aziz commended Afghan government for concluding a peace deal with Hizb-i-Islami.

The deal, signed on September 22, was seen as largely symbolic, aimed at encouraging the Taliban and other militant groups to sign similar agreements.

The Brussels Conference is being held as a sequel to the Tokyo Conference that took place in 2012 for affirming worldwide community's engagement with Afghanistan through economic and financial assistance for the country.

Mr Ghani told the conference that Afghanistan was making progress on the economy, corruption and human rights, but needed constructive global support to see the changes through. Republican presidential nominee Donald Trump has said that the USA spends too much supporting allies overseas.

For security, North Atlantic Treaty Organisation nations have already committed at a summit in Warsaw in July to maintain troop numbers in Afghanistan and uphold a pledge of US$5 billion (S$6.9 billion) a year to fund local forces until 2020. Both sides deny the deal is a condition for new aid.

Hundreds of thousands of migrants from Syria, Afghanistan and other countries have come to Europe in the past few years.

Afghanistan's leaders "have been making impressive reforms and development plans to change the lives of people that have been suffering too long", Ban said.

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